Action for Primates

Long-tailed macaques, photo by Sarah Kite
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Ancillary Information for 2023 Take Action entries

The following is ancillary information relevant to certain take action items we have posted in 2023. The information is linked in the original entry.


Ancillary information for US tax payers fund attempt to develop a non-human primate model of autism, published 23 January 2023


Information to prepare an E-mail message manually for 23 January 2023 Take Action alert about using rhesus macaques as model for autism. First create a new message using whatever means is available to you. Use the buttons below to copy the associated information into Windows Clipboard and then paste into the appropriate fields in your blank message.

Alternately, you can click inside each text area below, press Ctrl+A to highlight the contents, then press Ctrl+C to copy the contents. In your blank message, place your cursor in the appropriate field and press Ctrl+V to paste the contents.


Relevant directors of the NIH and its branches, as well as others who are responsible for this research, for 23 January 2023 Take Action alert about using rhesus macaques as model for autism:

Ancillary information for Entire population of vervets to be slaughtered on Sint Maarten, published 20 January 2023


Information to prepare an E-mail message manually for 20 January 2023 Take Action alert about killing vervets on Sint Maarten. First create a new message using whatever means is available to you. Use the buttons below to copy the associated information into Windows Clipboard and then paste into the appropriate fields in your blank message.

Alternately, you can click inside each text area below, press Ctrl+A to highlight the contents, then press Ctrl+C to copy the contents. In your blank message, place your cursor in the appropriate field and press Ctrl+V to paste the contents.


Individuals to contact concerning 20 January 2023 Take Action alert about killing vervets on Sint Maarten:

Ancillary information for Your help needed to provide protection for long-tailed and pig-tailed macaques in Indonesia, published 16 January 2023


Information to prepare an E-mail message manually for 16 January 2023 Take Action alert about protecting Indonesia's monkeys. First create a new message using whatever means is available to you. Use the buttons below to copy the associated information into Windows Clipboard and then paste into the appropriate fields in your blank message.

Alternately, you can click inside each text area below, press Ctrl+A to highlight the contents, then press Ctrl+C to copy the contents. In your blank message, place your cursor in the appropriate field and press Ctrl+V to paste the contents.

Ancillary information for Capuchin monkeys killed just to get their brains in Brazil, published 13 January 2023


Information to prepare an E-mail message manually for 13 January 2023 Take Action alert about killing capuchins for their brains. First create a new message using whatever means is available to you. Use the buttons below to copy the associated information into Windows Clipboard and then paste into the appropriate fields in your blank message.

Alternately, you can click inside each text area below, press Ctrl+A to highlight the contents, then press Ctrl+C to copy the contents. In your blank message, place your cursor in the appropriate field and press Ctrl+V to paste the contents.


Relevant individuals who are responsible for this research or who have supported it directly or indirectly, for 13 January 2023 Take Action alert about killing capuchins for their brains:

Ancillary information for Infant monkeys deliberately subjected to maternal deprivation and maltreatment in publicly funded research in US, published 3 January 2023

Information to prepare an E-mail message manually for 3 January 2023 Take Action alert about infant rhesus maltreatment research. First create a new message using whatever means is available to you. Use the buttons below to copy the associated information into Windows Clipboard and then paste into the appropriate fields in your blank message.

Alternately, you can click inside each text area below, press Ctrl+A to highlight the contents, then press Ctrl+C to copy the contents. In your blank message, place your cursor in the appropriate field and press Ctrl+V to paste the contents.


Relevant directors of the NIH and its branches, as well as others who are responsible for this research, for 3 January 2023 Take Action alert about infant rhesus maltreatment research:


General references:

  1. McManus, Rich 2013-06-21 "Ex-Director Zerhouni surveys value of NIH research" N.I.H. Record 65(13):
  2. [Elias A. Zerhouni, M.D., NIH Director 2002-2008]: "We have moved away from studying human disease in humans," he lamented. "We all drank the Kool-Aid on that one, me included." With the ability to knock in or knock out any gene in a mouse–which "can't sue us," Zerhouni quipped–researchers have over-relied on animal data. "The problem is that it hasn't worked, and it's time we stopped dancing around the problem...We need to refocus and adapt new methodologies for use in humans to understand disease biology in humans."
  3. Padrell, Maria; Llorente, Miquel and Amici, Federica 2021-10-01 "Invasive Research on Non-Human Primates—Time to Turn the Page" Animals 11(10):2999
  4. Here, we will review previous studies showing that primates have complex behaviour and cognition, and that they suffer long-term consequences after being used in invasive research.

    Although some invasive studies have allowed answering research questions that we could not have addressed with other methods (or at least not as quickly), the use of primates in invasive research also raises ethical concerns. In this review, we will discuss (i) recent advances in the study of primates that show evidence of complex behaviour and cognition, (ii) welfare issues that might arise when using primates in invasive research, (iii) the main ethical issues that have been raised about invasive research on primates, (iv) the legal protection that primates are granted in several countries, with a special focus on the principle of the 3Rs, and (v) previous and current attempts to ban the use of primates in invasive research. Based on this analysis, we suggest that the importance of a research question cannot justify the costs of invasive research on primates, and that non-invasive methods should be considered the only possible approach in the study of primates.

    In this study, we will use the term invasive research to refer to all research that (i) is conducted in the lab, (ii) implies stressful and/or painful body manipulations of individuals, and (iii) is not aimed to increase their welfare. Such body manipulations can range from inoculation with infectious agents and surgery to drug testing and blood sampling, but exclude veterinarian applications that directly benefit the animals...

    The exact number of NHPs currently used worldwide in invasive research is unknown, but estimates suggest that more than 100,000 NHPs are used every year, mostly in the USA...In the United States, the annual report of animal usage informed that 70,797 NHPs were housed in research facilities used in regulated activities; 26,137 of these animals were used in painful procedures and received pain relieving, or similar, drugs, while 802 were subject to painful procedures but did not receive drugs because they would adversely affect results...

Information on NIH grant support (funding) is taken verbatim from relevant publications. If you have difficulty with any links provided, you can do your own search through the NIH RePORTER site: https://reporter.nih.gov/, by copying and pasting the grant number into the Search field on the form.

Be aware that some grants include funds for more than experiments on non-human primates.